Insightful Marketing Strategy of Harley Davidson

Updated on: Oct 1, 2021
Marketing Strategy of Harley Davidson - featured image | IIDE

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My name is Aditya Shastri and I have written this case study with the help of my students from IIDE's online digital marketing courses in India.

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Harley Davidson, a premium motorbikes brand, is known for its wise marketing. Harley Davidson has remained iconic throughout the years, and its marketing strategies play a huge role in its success.

In this case study, we have analyzed the complete Marketing Strategy of Harley Davidson along with its marketing mix. We have also conducted a SWOT Analysis of the company. So let’s get started with the blog by learning more about the company first.


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Harley Davidson Brand Logo - Marketing Strategy of Harley Davidson | IIDE


Harley Davidson, a cult brand with more than 6500 employees and the leading heavyweight motorcycle in the market, is not unknown to anyone. This legendary motorcycle brand was founded by two childhood friends, William Harley and Arthur Davidson, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA.

Though mocked as overpriced and overrated, it has made and set its position strongly in the market over the years. Despite it being muscular, oversized, and extra loud, it has a loyal fan base.


Now that we understand the company better, let’s move on to the Marketing Mix of Harley Davidson.





Marketing mix refers to the 4P’s of Marketing. This includes Product, Place, Price, and Promotion. Let us have a look at how effectively Harley Davidson implements its 4Ps. 


1. Price Mix of Harley Davidson


Harley Davidson has always been an ultra-premium priced motorcycle, and they have never denied it. The company deals in heavy parts and high, powerful, and strong engines. Despite the high price, people buy the bikes because of their superior quality and status symbol.

The company has even experienced a decrease in profits, sometimes losses, and faced several setbacks. But they still positioned their brand as a premium one. 


2. Product Mix of Harley Davidson


Product Mix of Harley Davidson - Marketing Strategy of Harley Davidson | IIDE


From the beginning, Harley Davidson has maintained a particular level of product quality and has always set benchmarks here. It has distinctive features in all its models. Harley Davidson has always aimed at heavily built bikes that have a strong engine and a powerful thumping sound. This is the crux of their product that attracts consumers.

Another special feature is their designs and their customization which is available to the customer as per their needs and choices. All these designs are powerful, strong, and most importantly unique to Harley Davidson only.


3. Promotion Mix of Harley Davidson


Promotion Mix of Harley Davidson - Marketing Strategy of Harley Davidson | IIDE


Promotion for any product is an indispensable marketing effort. It is through a promotion that a product becomes known and reaches the masses. So is the case with Harley Davidson, the promotion strategy has always been very strategically designed and executed.

They have carried out some amazing campaigns which have helped them in promoting themselves as an ultra-premium brand. They achieve this very subtly by placing Harley Davidson bikes in various movies and television shows.

When done correctly, promotion can do wonders for a business. Apart from this, the company has also conducted rallies,  bike rides, events and has constantly been carrying out lucky draws and coupons for discounts on services. Harley Davidson usually uses all the modern promotional techniques.


4. Place Mix of Harley Davidson 

An ideal place is where the customer is. This is the aim of every successful business. Harley Davidson uses the same motto. Due to huge exposure gained through promotion and media, Harley Davidson has been demanded from all across the globe.

With the rise in the purchasing potential of people, the demand for Harley Davidson has also increased. Harley Davidson has been exporting spare parts and bikes to most parts of the world for a very long time now. Apart from the US, its home turf, it is now also present in India for the Asian markets and in Brazil to cover Latin America.  Its showrooms are found in premium locations only.  Harley Davidson undoubtedly and correctly is hitting its target audience.

After learning about how excellently Harley Davidson has succeeded in its marketing, it is equally important to know about what challenges they faced how they overcame them with their strengths. Let’s now dive into the SWOT Analysis of Harley Davidson. 





SWOT Analysis includes 4 parts: strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. Let’s have a quick look at Harley Davidson’s SWOT Analysis.


  • Cult brand¬†
  • Loyal customer base¬†
  • HOG rallies ( Harley Owners Group )¬†
  • Uniqueness and customization¬†
  • High customer pull
  • Over-dependence on US markets¬†
  • Very limited showrooms abroad¬†
  • Dependence on suppliers
  • Increased number of young and women riders¬†
  • Steadily, but establishing markets in Asia and Europe
  • Competitors¬†
  • Myopic marketing approach



Harley Davidson as a company has made proper use of its strengths and grabbed opportunities and has made sure that they overcome their weaknesses and threats. This indeed proves that Harley Davidson has undergone a holistic development over the years and reached this premium position with its efforts.





Harley Davidson is one of those companies that has studied the market and its target audience in an exceptional way. They have analyzed the buyer persona of their target audience and tried to convert potential buyers into sales drastically. Let’s have a look at some of their marketing strategies. 



1. Clear Brand Positioning  


Harley Davidson knows what perception the audience has for the company. Their target audience has always been people who want to be free, bold, strong and embrace individualism. One of their tag lines was ‚Äė Rebel by choice‚Äô. But at the same time, they made customer engagement with the other part of its audience who did not have the same persona, through other strategies.¬†


2. Building Brand Loyalty and Maintaining It


Harley Davidson created Harley Owners Group (HOG), through which they connected to their customers and the mainstream population. HOG was criticized by few hardcover bike lovers, but it did not deter the company’s marketing ambitions.

Harley would sponsor biker rallies, organize charity drives, and offer special promotions to its diverse fanbase, through HOG. New members were given the privilege of free services for the first year.

For changing Harley Davidson’s impression of association motorcycle gangs and just one type of people, they used the club for various philanthropic and charity purposes. Today, the club has more than a million members from 25 countries. HOG increased customer engagement which in turn led to a decrease in advertisement cost. 


Marketing Strategy of Harley Davidson | IIDE


3. Organising Phenomenal Events


Harley Davidson has been phenomenally good at its customer engagement. The company organizes and sponsors various bike rallies, donation drives, and other social events. At such events, they interact with their customers and spectators of all age groups.

They allow a test ride for the rally visitors. Harley Davidson bike owners flaunt and boast about their bikes. The people have great fun and at the same time, customer loyalty increases as Harley Davidson tries to create an impact in every individual’s personal space. 


4. Marketing to the Military 


Despite facing critical image issues from some audiences, Harley Davidson has a strong association with the US military. 15,000 motorcycles were sold to the US military, and almost all of its output and production during World War II was for the military. Harley Davidson was made famous amongst the military veterans and they started using it for civil purposes as well.

Harley Davidson had introduced the ‚ÄėHeroes Ride Free‚Äė program, offering a free Harley Davidson Riding Academy course for all former and current American military personnel. By showing this appreciation, love, and respect to the military, the company won millions of hearts of military people, military veterans, their families, and their supporters.¬†


5. Diversification of Business 


Diversifying a business in various sectors always helps in growing and so is the case with Harley Davidson. They have entered into the clothing business and have established themselves as an influential brand.

They sell jackets which are usually used and worn by bikers. Other than jackets, they also sell other biking apparel. Regardless if you own a Harley, you can always buy its merchandise.

harley davidson jacket - Marketing Strategy of Harley Davidson | IIDE


With this, we come to the end of the Marketing Strategy of Harley Davidson. Let’s conclude this case study in the next section.


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Harley Davidson is a company that has bloomed immensely over time. From presenting the product to its promotion, and its marketing, Harley Davidson has succeeded on all fronts. As a good business, apart from making huge profits, Harley Davidson has also given back to society.

It has entered into the clothing sector and has used various forms of modern marketing to fulfil all the upcoming needs of its customers while maintaining its standards as an ultra-premium product. Harley Davidson is a perfect case study when it comes to using the 4 P’s of marketing effectively.  

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Aditya Shastri

Lead Trainer & Head of Learning & Development at IIDE

Leads the Learning & Development segment at IIDE. He is a Content Marketing Expert and has trained 6000+ students and working professionals on various topics of Digital Marketing. He has been a guest speaker at prominent colleges in India including IIMs......[Read full bio]


  1. Josh Voss

    Harley-Davidson’s marketing strategy is iconic. They’ve mastered brand loyalty through a unique blend of heritage, lifestyle marketing, and a distinct product. By cultivating a passionate community of riders and maintaining quality, Harley-Davidson continues to be a symbol of freedom on the open road.

  2. Cyril David

    I’m fascinated by the marketing strategy of Harley-Davidson! Their iconic brand has mastered the art of creating a sense of belonging and rebellion. From experiential events to personalized customization, they’ve built a loyal community. Their heritage marketing approach is a lesson for all brands seeking long-lasting connections with customers.

  3. Josh Voss

    Harley Davidson’s marketing strategy is truly insightful, seamlessly blending heritage with modern appeal. By creating a unique lifestyle around its brand, they’ve cultivated a devoted community. The strategic use of iconic imagery and events establishes an emotional connection, setting Harley Davidson apart in the fiercely competitive motorcycle industry.

  4. Cyril David

    Harley Davidson’s marketing strategy stands out with a blend of heritage and innovation. By tapping into the allure of freedom and individuality, they’ve crafted a brand experience that resonates across generations. The fusion of tradition and modernity in their approach truly sets them apart in the competitive landscape.


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