MERU was the first chauffeur provider, founded by Mr Neeraj Gupta in 2000. The company focuses on providing affordable and hassle-free transportation to different companies’ employees and customers. It also provides premium-class services like a/c cars, tabs, etc.
Lately, the company has started providing services in the B2C sector, but its main aim is to increase the focus on the B2B section as it contributes 40-45% of its revenue.
So in this case study, we are going to explain the Business model of Meru Cabs, explaining how the company still owns 12% of the market share. We’ll be covering an in-depth analysis on its
But first, we should understand the company.
About Meru Cabs
Meru cabs are the most trusted brand in India for providing cab service to customers as well as corporates. The company provides its services across the top 4 cities of India with a fleet of 5000 taxis.
The company also provides an app through which users can confirm their registration and choose where they want to go using GPS.
Meru Cab also focuses on personal rides through their app named “Meru Outstation”, which provides its services for weekends, business, outings, etc., and covers over 7000+ destinations across 100 cities.
The company also provides its services in a business called ‘Meru-biz’, which provides end-to-end mobility of resources in a structured and reliable tech-driven environment. It provides a smooth, smart, and cost-effective travel system that can be customized as per the organization’s needs or budget. Enabling access to all company rides, costs per individual, and setting up rules and regulations for all these features on one platform.
Meru’s fleet scopes from hatchbacks, sedans, and premium sedans, to SUVs and electric vehicles (EVGO).
Without any further ado, Let’s jump to our prominent part that is the Business Model of Meru Cabs.
Business Model of Meru Cabs
As you know, Meru Cab owns 12% of the market share as compared to Ola. Ola has 80% of the market share both in the customer and corporate sectors, but it mainly focuses on customers and less on businesses, which creates an advantage for Meru cabs to operate in this section.
So in this business model of Meru Cab, we are going to understand the following points.
- The driver deposits Rs 10,000.
- Meru purchases the car and gives it to the driver. The driver is not an employee of Meru
- Meru trains the driver on soft skills. The basic qualification for the driver is a minimum of three years of experience on the city roads, with a basic knowledge of reading addresses in English.
- The fuel cost has to be carried out by the driver.
- The maintenance of the car is borne by Meru.
- Meru helps their drivers by providing bookings through their call centres.
- The driver is free to take passengers if he doesn’t receive any calls from the call centre.
- The driver is assigned a ride from the call centre by tracking his presence through the GPS navigation system, and hence he can not ignore the call centre’s trip assignment.
- In return, the driver provides Rs. 1000-1200 per day to Meru.
(Be aware that this is a per-day charge rather than a per-call charge, which means that even if the driver does not receive a call from Meru on a given day, he is still required to pay Rs. 650-900 as rent for using the car.)
- Whatever the driver earns above these 1000-1200 rupees is his income.
So, this was a brief introduction to the business model of Meru Cabs. Now, let’s quickly move on to the competitor’s comparison table.
OLA VS MERU
|Meru Cabs were founded by Mr Neeraj Gupta.||Ola cabs were founded by Mr Bhavish Aggrawal.|
|Meru cab has 12% of the market share.||Ola cab has 80% of the market share.|
|Meru is a company that is more call-centre based as it assigns the specific customer to the driver.||Ola is the company that executes most of its orders through apps as it doesn’t assign specific customers.|
|Meru operates on a single app providing different services like Meru biz, Meru outstation, etc.||Ola operates through their main app as well as other apps such as Ola Wallet, Ola Food Delivery, and so on.|
|Meru cabs provide a car to its driver where the driver makes a deposit and then this driver is assigned to carry out the destination given to them.||Ola cabs operate differently in that they don’t own any cars, but they provide a platform for those who are already experienced in this field.|
|Meru Cab mainly focuses on the B2B business as it’s their main source of revenue, and it’s mainly corporate-centric as they provide a different array of services to corporate businesses.||Ola cab is customer-centric as it provides most of its services to customers who can try to select different types of vehicles as per their needs.|
Meru cabs have started taking registration through its app, but still, it takes most of the registration from the call centre.
|Ola cabs operate and provide their bookings through the app only.|
In the next segment of the business model of Meru Cabs, we have a comprehensive SWOT Analysis of Meru Cabs.
Swot Analysis on Meru Cabs
Strengths of Meru Cabs –
- The first company to establish cab services across the country was
- High awareness as a taxi operator.
- Presence across many cities in India.
- Meru cab drivers are well trained about safety and security issues as well as well-versed with communication skills.
- Meru car was one of the first companies to start metered radio cabs.
- Available for 24×7 e-bill service.
- MeruCab still has control over various airports.
- Meru cabs are business-friendly as they provide the overall cost of transportation and solutions to reduce the cost as well.
- Serves our 2 million customers and is recognized with multiple awards.
- Meu has a call centre for services or any emergencies.
- Meru has tamper-proof digital cab meters, integrated with a GPS tracker to ensure
- Every fare is tracked.
- Meru Cab keeps their cabs clean and tidy.
Weaknesses of Meru Cabs
- In Meru’s business model, the cabs are owned by the company, so the company is responsible for the maintenance of the cars, which indirectly increases its expenses.
- The sudden surge in competition would lead to lower margins (lower profitability) and lower market share.
- Meru cab still carries out their registration on call-centre booking.
- Meru does not provide non a/c cabs.
- It becomes difficult for the user to contact the company if there is any server breakdown.
Opportunities for Meru Cabs
- The unorganized market in India is huge, approximately 90%, and hence the potential is high.
- Increasing internet penetration and up-gradation of technology can lead to an increase in leads.
- Increasing disposable income.
- The shifting of consumers towards convenience creates huge demand.
- They should try different techniques of operating the cab, like, instead of giving them the car, providing the services to the one who owns the car.
- The company should try to operate more through the app Also, they should try to make the app interface more user-friendly.
- Meru Cab should not only focus on metro cities but also tier-2 cities.
- Meru cab should think about the strategic partnership, which will help the company to increase its market share.
- Meru Cab also provides AAS (Assured Airport Services).
Threats for Meru Cabs
- Rising competition.
- Because Uber and Ola are massive corporations, they can afford to invest heavily in R&D.
- The presence of a large number of national players.
- Customer preference changes daily, so it is hard to keep the customers satisfied every time.
- The future is unclear as the government imposes lots of regulations.
- OLA has a major market share which includes 80% of the customer base.
The revenue model or the money-making process of Meru Cabs is firmly evaluated and profit-oriented. Let’s go through them in detail analysis in the upcoming section of the business model of Meru Cabs.
Money Making Process of Meru Cabs
Revenue generated from the Cabs
Meru Cabs has fixed an appropriate amount of pay from the drivers to the company regularly. They need to pay approx 1000 to 1200 rupees per day. So, it ultimately states that each car on the road facilitates them with some revenue consistently. Any money earned over Rs. 1200 / day goes to the driver. Meru, on the other hand, provides a certain minimum number of trips. However, Meru sets the rates per kilometre travelled.
Everyone requires publicity, Meru Cabs initiated a very innovative project in which HG collaborated with various brands and promised them to publicize their advertisements on their car. These advertisements pay the drivers a total sum of 1000 rupees. These advertisements are run for a specific amount of time. By this, the drivers are encouraged to bring more revenue.
Ever wondered how these cabs are allocated to various customers, within seconds? Let’s understand that together.
Allocation of Cabs
The heart of the business model of Meru Cabs lies in the centralised command centre, the drivers in the vicinity receives a message to arrive at a certain pickup location with a specific pick up time and board the ride. They maintain a keen record of the time they’re free along.
Lately, they’ve introduced a GPS tracking system for Cabs to deliver accurate information and show the visibility of the cabs in the App.
To cover all the locations across the city, always be an essential element for them. They ensure that the drivers are spread across the city and no particular area goes without a free cab for a long duration of time. This centralized system tracks all the cabs and thus do not take any chance to affect the business.
As we are now close to the end of the business model of Meru Cabs, we’ve analysed certain major challenges for them. Let’s study them.
Challenges to Meru Cabs
There’s no doubt that Meru has been a success story till now, but what hurts the most is the company’s No-holiday Policy. The drivers have to work every single day, in case of sickness or family emergency they still need to pay the permanent amount fixed by the company.
In India, working every day is not a problem from a driver’s perspective as they are already used to it but it hurts them financially when they need to take urgent leaves. The company is now facing direct competition with Ola Cabs, Mega Cabs, Uber, etc.
Hope in this case study, you will be able to find Meru cabs’ business model and how it works. This business model provides a complete solution for reaching the destination and making bookings through calls.
Meru Cabs are still facing losses as they are not able to find a break-even financially. The company is still under constraints due to factors like internal inefficiencies, long cab downtime, lack of qualified drivers, driver strikes, increasing costs, expanding operations, and competition from other players.
In this case study, we have tried to explain from top to bottom how Meru cabs work, function, and provide services. Meru cab has still not changed their method of the booking system, so if they change that method in the future it might create a boom in the transportation sector.
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